Native American Indian Jewelry - Turquoise

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Turquoise comes from many sources and in many forms.  Color varies from deep blue to green, with a wide range of inclusions that give each stone a unique look.  Simply by looking at a piece, experts can often tell within a few miles the location where a stone was found.  Many sources of turquoise used in older jewelry are no longer available, adding to the value of the piece.  The value of turquoise is influenced by an enigmatic quality know as the "Zat", defined as the heavenly essence of the stone. 

Burnham turquoise has a soft luster and unique blue-green color palette. The matrix patterns flow through the stone in a smoky wispy way.

No. 8 mine spider web turquoise Spider web turquoise is a general term for a complex matrix of black lines, much like a spider web.

 Blue Gem

Bisbee Blue is know for its lovely deep blue color, rivaling Persian turquoise.  Although it it typically blue, some veins are green, and there are many different types of matrix.

Bisbee Blue with spider web matrix

The Cerillos and Burro Mountains, ten miles south of Santa Fe, were the largest producers of Turquoise in the USA until circa1920. About 75 color varieties can be found. 


Fox Mine

Lander's Blue Spider Web
Fossilized Lone Mountain Morenci turquoise is a rich blue with iron pyrite inclusions forming a whispy black matrix. Pieces shown here are stabilized with gold and silver filling.  Poe Mine
Persian Royston

Smokey Mountain

Stormy Ridge

Village Grove

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